The Michelson-Morley Experiment Explained by Abolishing the Second Postulate of Relativity

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Year:
2021
Type of Publication:
Article
Keywords:
Michelson-Morley Experiment, Length Contraction, Light Speed New Function, Hidden Stars
Authors:
Antonio Luigi Paolilli
Journal:
IJISM
Volume:
9
Number:
6
Pages:
94-102
Month:
November
ISSN:
2347-9051
Abstract:
The Lorentz length contraction leads to paradoxes like that of Ehrenfestu. In this paper an explanation of the result of the Michelson-Morley experiment is presented by abolishing the second postulate of relativity which has been questioned, especially for the one-way light trips. The aim of the paper is in fact to demonstrate that a variable light speed is consistent with the unexpected result of the Michelson-Morley experiment and that the length contraction is not necessary to explain it. Relativity, applying Occam's razor, is thus applied only to time or, more precisely, to the density of events (however without implying the relativity of simultaneity. To this end a function of the speed of light applicable to light sources in motion with respect to a privileged inertial system is introduced. This function takes into account the fact that the photons emitted by a moving light source could be slowed down because, in addition to moving along their trajectory, they undergo a translation. The function also predicts the possibility of the existence of hidden stars due to their high speed and direction of motion.

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