Superluminal Relativistic Phenomena in the Hypothesis of a Privileged Inertial System

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Year:
2020
Type of Publication:
Article
Keywords:
Lorentz Factor, Michelson-Morley Experiment, Sagnac Effect, Special Relativity Theory, Superluminal Speeds
Authors:
Antonio Luigi Paolilli
Journal:
IJISM
Volume:
8
Number:
4
Pages:
159-164
Month:
July
ISSN:
2347-9051
Abstract:
The Michelson-Morley experiment did not detect any ether wind. One of the possible explanations of this result was the contraction of the bodies along the direction of the ether wind. The hypothesis of the contraction of bodies in motion was incorporated in the Special Relativity Theory of Einstein. However in this theory the existence of the ether is excluded and therefore the existence of the ether wind too. Time, space and even synchronicity become relative. However not all the scholars agree about these results, particularly on the isotropy of the light speed and on the relativity of synchronicity, due to logic reasons and phenomena such as the Sagnac effect. In this paper it is shown a simple explanation (essentially based on a geometric approach) of these phenomena in the light of the assumption of the existence of a privileged inertial system. The advanced hypothesis is that there is a spatial structure that is independent of the motion of bodies through it. It is shown that with this assumption apparently superluminal speeds are possible in inertial systems other than the privileged one, while in the latter the light speed is the maximum possible, due to a probable complementarity between the speed of the subatomic particles (and therefore the time of the bodies they constitute) and the motion of these bodies in space.

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